Top 5 Greatest World Conquerors
of All Time
The history of mankind is one sculpted by the results of epic wars. From the earliest forms of society through to the modern day, the fates of entire civilisations have been decided by the swords of soldiers and the commands of their leaders. There have been many men who would be considered conquerors in the sense that each of these men was powerful, and made a significant impact during the years they were in control. These men were murderers and thieves. They were smart and excellent at planning and strategizing. These men were directly and indirectly responsible for the death of millions of people. And, as their power grew, so did the amount of land they controlled. Here is a list of the 5 greatest conquerors in the world history.
5. Ashoka (304 -232 BC) - The Great:-
Born to the Mauryan (ancient Indian) imperial house, Ashoka loved to hunt and was a warlike young man. When his father died, Ashoka killed all his brothers and went on a brutal rampage to expand the empire. It culminated in the slaughter by the Daya river, where more than 100,000 citizens were killed by his army. It was one such battle where he embraced Buddhism upon seeing the blood carnage. He was a changed man. The laws that followed were relatively just and he set up pillars with his edicts carved on them across India. He even promoted vegetarianism and treated all his subjects as equals regardless of caste. Before preaching Buddhism, he had already expanded his kingdom to the lands of Nepal, Pakistan, Afghanistan.
4. Attila The Hun (406-453 AD):-
Few names in history illicit such a fearful response as Attila the Hun also known as “Scourge of God” is one of the greatest barbarian conquerors in all of history. The "Scourge of God" title was bestowed upon him because of the rampant destruction he rained down on the Roman Empire, he led the Huns, an eastern European barbarian tribe, to conquer much of eastern and central Europe. Atilla ruled territories from Germany to the Caspian Sea for almost 20 years. Attila and his brother shared the role of king of the Hun Empire when their uncle, King Roas, died. In order to gain sole power, Attila arranged to have his brother murdered. He was one of the most fearsome enemies of the Western and Eastern Roman Empires. Attila was well known for his cruelty and took no mercy on his enemies. On his wedding night, he drank heavily and passed out. Whether it was a nosebleed or a rupture, Atilla choked to death on his own blood. Attila dominated Europe during his reign, until the Visigoths and the Romans actually joined forces to defeat the conqueror. He died in 453 A.D., and with no established order to follow him, the barbarian empire crumbled soon thereafter.
3. King Tamerlane (1336-1405 AD):-
Tamerlane, also known as Timur the Lame because of his partial paralysis, was born in modern day Uzbekistan, about 400 miles north of the city of Kabul. He is the second greatest Asian conqueror who founded the Timurid dynasty. A figure of Islamic faith, he often called himself “the sword of Islam”. Because of paralysis his early career was in politics. Despite being illiterate, he was highly intelligent. He spoke at least three languages and invented a variant of chess. He rose quickly to become senior minister to the Mongol khan, then Tamerlane overthrew the khan and began a reign of warfare, slaughter and, yes, mountains of skulls. His vast expanses of military conquest is estimated to have caused 17 million deaths during his reign from 1370-1405. That is also thought to be about 5% of the population of the world at that time, while using religion as a motivator. He claimed to be a descendant of Genghis Khan and attempted to recreate Khan's empire by using his Islamic beliefs as a basis to build an army and take over a number of areas in Asia, Africa and Europe. Tamerlane's existence and subsequent empire is the main reason why Christianity was largely expunged from Asia, and conversely why Asia now has such a large Islamic following. Tamerlane conquered Persia, Armenia, Georgia and part of Russia.
2. Alexander The Great (356-323 BC):-
Easily one the greatest conqueror in western history, Alexander The Great became the ruler of the ancient kingdom of Macedonia at the age of 20 when his father, Philip II, was assassinated. He was trained in warfare and tutored by Aristotle. He took command of the Macedonian Empire and by the age of 22, he had conquered Greece and set sail to Asia Minor. Here, in what is now central Turkey, he cut in half the famous Gordian Knot, fulfilling a Greek legend that whoever unravelled it would rule the world. In Syria, he destroyed the armies of Darius III and gained control of the entire Eastern Mediterranean coast. He entered Egypt as a liberator. From there, he fought all the way to India where he finally stopped his conquest at the behest of his soldiers. He had very brutal and intelligent military tactics that he conquered much of the known world by himself and sometimes made the entire nation surrender to him without killing a single man. By the age of 30 only,he developed a great empire starting from the Mediterranean to the Himalayas. He also greatly influenced Rome and Roman thinking in the military, as Romans often looked to Alexander and his tactics for military knowledge. In fact, his military brilliance was so extensive that military academies around the world still teach tactics he created to this day. He was still on campaign at the age of 33 when a fever destroyed his health. At the time his empire stretched from Greece to northern India. After his death in 323 B.C. his empire split into a number of parts. Despite the fall of the Macedonian empire, his influence on the world would greatly change the course of human history.
1. Genghis Khan (1162-1227 AD):-
1. Without a doubt, the greatest conqueror in history, who conquered more than double the area of land that Alexander the Great did, is often one of the most forgotten conquerors in the minds of people of the western world. Originally known as Temüjin, Genghis was born in Mongolia to a father who was leader of a small tribe. The new leader threw Genghis and the rest of his family out of the tribe and left to die. Of all those in this list, he is the only one to start with nothing. From the most brutal beginning possible, he made an army by himself by uniting some nomadic tribes and trained them.Then he started Mongol invasions. He sweep across Asia and western Europe with unprecedented speed and efficiency. He conquered what nearly is modern day China, as well as spilling over into Russia, Turkey, most of the Persian middle East, and nearly everything in between (except India). The scope of his conquests are so enormous that it seems nearly impossible for anyone at the time, with only the speed of horseback to have created such a massive empire as that of the Mongol Empire. Though he is often credited with creating the unified concept of the Silk Road from Asia to Europe, that’s about the extent of the positive depictions of Genghis Khan, as he is responsible for the deaths and conquest of innumerable peoples across the known world.
He lived from 1162-1227AD. Like Attila the Hun, the name Genghis Khan has become synonymous with gruesome and brutal warfare. The Mongul warlord sacked villages and towns, showing a ruthless hunger for power and expansion while leading by example in the heat of battle. He remains the single greatest conqueror in human history by a incredibly wide margin.