Top 5 Biggest And Strongest Medival
Castles And Forts of The World
Castles and fortresses remind you of royalty, battles and power. They are the witness to history spanning hundreds and thousands of years. Commonly a fort or castle is defined as “a defensive structure built as a residence for a ruler or nobleman. They evoke a sense of nostalgia in the past. Perhaps that’s the reason for them being some of the most popular tourist destinations in the world. Let’s have a look at the top 5 greatest fortresses and castles ever built.
5. Buda Castle:- This castle is located on the southern tip of Castle Hill in Budapest in Hungary, Buda Castle was first fortified in the 13th century, after a Mongol attack led Buda’s citizens to seek a more easily defended neighborhood. The castle was captured and recaptured a number of times. The castle is a part of the Budapest World Heritage Site. Today, the Budapest castle is known as the royal palace and it has a mixture of different architectural styles. It is not as fancy as it was before, but its history remains. The castle includes a Budapest history museum, two other museums and also a national gallery. There are a lot of amazing features to see in the castle like the great statues and impressive fountains.
4. Himeji Castle:- Himeji Castle is generally considered Japan’s most beautiful castle and is one of the few that has escaped the ravages of civil war, earthquakes and bombings. A fort was first built on the current site in the 14th century and gradually enlarged over the centuries. The castle complex, as it survives today, was completed in 1609. The castle is regarded as the finest surviving example of prototypical Japanese castle architecture, comprising a network of 83 buildings with advanced defensive systems from the feudal period. For over 400 years, Himeji Castle has remained intact, even throughout the extensive bombing of Himeji in World War II, and natural disasters such as the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake. Himeji Castle is the largest and most visited castle in Japan, and it was registered in 1993 as one of the first UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the country.
3. Windsor Castle:- Windsor Castle is often called the largest inhabited castle in the world and is definitely the largest castle in England. It is the family home to British kings and queens for over 1,000 years. It is the largest and oldest occupied Castle in the world and it’s where Her Majesty The Queen chooses to spend most of her private weekends. The original castle was built in the 11th century after the Norman invasion of England by William the Conqueror. Since the time of Henry I, it has been used by the reigning monarch. Henry III built a luxurious royal palace within the castle during the middle of the century, and Edward III went further, rebuilding the palace to make an even grander set of buildings in what would become "the most expensive secular building project of the entire Middle Ages in England". Originally the castle was designed to protect Norman dominance around the outskirts of London and oversee a strategically important part of the River Thames. Today it is a popular tourist attraction, a venue for hosting state visits, and the preferred weekend home of Elizabeth II. At present more than 500 people live and work in Windsor Castle that's why it is the largest inhabited castle in the world.
2. Meherangarh Fort:- It is located in the Indian state of Rajasthan in the city of Jodhpur and is one of the largest forts in India. It was first built in the year 1459 by Rao Jodha, the founder of Jodhpur when he shifted his capital from Mandore. It is situated on a 410 feet high hill and is enclosed by colossal walls on every side. One can enter in the fort after crossing 7 gates. There are several palaces within it and offers an imposing view of the city below making it one of the greatest fortresses of the world.
1. Masada Fort:- Masada is a fortress situated on a rock plateau in the Southern District of Israel. It has been around since the ancient times and has probably survived due to its placement. On an isolated plateau with the Judaean desert on one side and the Dead Sea on the other, it is truly one of the greatest fortresses that stood the test of time. Its location is such that it has remained virtually untouched by civilization and decay due to modernization for several millennia. Herod the Great built palaces for himself on the mountain and he is the one who fortified Masada between 37 and 31 BCE. According to Josephus, the siege of Masada by troops of the Roman Empire at the end of the First Jewish–Roman War ended in the mass suicide of hundreds of people. Today it is Israel’s most popular tourist destination.